Descripción de la red social de apoyo de pacientes del programa de trasplante renal del Hospital de San José año 2015
Castelblanco Toro, Claudia Patricia | 2016-11-29
Introduction: The social support network is essential for the recovery of a patient with a kidney transplant. It contributes to the patient’s physical and psychological recovery.
Objective: To describe the social support network of patients post kidney transplant belonging to the Kidney Transplant program at the San Jose Hospital for the year 2015
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed. The patients in thestudywereindividualswithKidneytransplantwhoattendedanexternalappointment in San Jose Hospital from March 2015 to September 2015. Several instruments were used to identify the individual and family vital cycles, Kats scales, caregiver identification, HADS scales, MSPSS scales, FACITsp scale and APGAR familiar scale. The qualitative variables were described with relative and absolute frequencies and the quantitative variables were measured with median and standard deviations.
Results: 178 patients, median age of 47.3 years (DE 12.3 years); 81 women (45%), 63.5% returned to the workforce (median of 8.8 months), 100% reported to be functional and demonstrated a good subjective perception of social support and spiritual wellness; 10.8% showed anxiety, 1.1% depression, and 63.6% of the patients displayed good family functioning.
Discussion and conclusions: The social support networks can assist in the post-transplant recovery. More studies are required to identify social support networks and the impact in the kidney transplant patient’s outcome within the evaluated population.